Agriculture

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The FIB e.V. researches the development from infertile new land soils to productive, multi-purpose plant sites. The focus is on restoring soil fertility. In order to “boost” the nutrient cycle, the use of novel soil conditioners is being tested, for example humus fertilisers made from refined lignite.

The FIB e.V. researches the development from infertile new land soils to productive, multi-purpose plant sites. The focus is on restoring soil fertility. In order to “boost” the nutrient cycle, the use of novel soil conditioners is being tested, for example humus fertilisers made from refined lignite. Another focus is the selection of suitable field crops. They are cultivated in a way that is gentle on the soil and increases humus.

Increasing attention is being paid to renewable raw materials, preferably for higher-value material use. Vessel, cultivation and variety trials are carried out here – often in cooperation with partners in practice. For example, drought-tolerant dye, medicinal and oil plants are an ecologically advantageous cultivation alternative to conventional crop rotation.

But not only purely horticultural topics are taken up. Feasibility studies provide a comprehensive analysis of entire production and utilisation chains – from sowing or planting to the market-ready product. Not only EU projects, such as those on the production of biofuels on low-yield soils, increasingly include a comprehensive consideration of the life cycle assessment.

The entire North-East German Plain is one of the “most climate sensitive” regions in Central Europe. Even in “normal years” the water supply has a yield-limiting effect. Locations far from groundwater and sandy soils with a low water storage capacity are particularly sensitive to climate change, accounting for around 90 percent of the agricultural area. In the face of increasingly frequent extreme weather conditions, such as drought and heat episodes in early summer, field irrigation is gaining in importance for special crops, field vegetables and root crops.

Our research focus is on the further development of models for irrigation control towards a demand-based partial area irrigation – keyword: “Precision Irrigation”. In addition, FIB e.V. offers various services for users, for example by calculating the irrigation requirements on a daily basis.

The phase-out of lignite mining and electricity generation in Lusatia by 2038 requires viable options for employment and value creation. Agriculture and the bio-economy can make a contribution, since the cultivation of food and animal feed, and increasingly also of renewable raw materials, occupies large areas of the region. At the same time, agricultural production will have to face up to future tasks in the “agricultural turnaround”, such as ecologisation, resource protection or adaptation to climate change, with all the individual farm and economic challenges this entails.

For more than two decades, the FIB e.V. has been examining the cultivation of renewable raw materials and new crops on marginal sites in southern Brandenburg. As a result of the forward-looking cultivation trials, particularly promising approaches are emerging for the agricultural use of lavender, short-rotation robinia wood and sorghum dual hybrids.

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